In most of the consulting screening tests – such as McKinsey PST, BCG Potential Test, or Bain Online Test candidates are not allowed to use a calculator, and while there are rare cases where candidates can use a calculator – usually with a reduced time limit per question, mental math is still essential to consulting prep and consulting work.

1. Calculator in PST/Potential Test/Online Test?

The answer is: Most of the time, no calculator is allowed – regardless of the format. 

On one hand, there are definitely no calculators allowed when you take the McKinsey PST.  Mental calculation skill is one of the major factors McKinsey wants to assess their candidates. 

On the other hand, some offices of BCG and Bain allow candidates to use calculators. Yet, they would require you to finish the tests in less time. I would recommend checking your target office to confirm details on both the test format and the permission on the use of a calculator in their test for better preparation and study planning. 

However, all things considered, it is best to prepare for the test without calculators – hard practice makes an easy game, and after all, mental math is a crucial skill for management consultants.

2. Why Do You Need Mental Math in Consulting?

2.1. Mental Math in Consulting

Math is essential in management consulting due to the large amount of quantitative data involved in consulting projects. Consultants must also be comfortable with mental calculations prevalent in brainstorming sessions and client meetings.

Management consulting is a fact-based industry – everything you say must be backed up by evidence. Most of the time, this evidence comes in the form of numbers.

This means management consultants spend a lot of their time working with numbers – during quantitative data analyses, team meetings, client interviews, etc.

In the consulting world, you can’t have your calculators when the managers/clients ask you to estimate something you haven’t prepared. It will make bad impressions, right? Moreover, there is not even enough time to whip out a calculator.

Imagine you’re in an elevator with the CEO clients and he asks you to estimate the profit margins on luxury cars they are producing. As a consultant, do you use your mental calculations skill, or do you pull out your smartphone to tap on the calculator app?

That’s why although the specific format may change, math will always be part of the selection process. You might be allowed to use a calculator in the screening tests, but you definitely can’t use a calculator during your case interview. So you must be prepared for it.

2.2. How to Improve Your Mental Math

Quick and accurate mental math is a must-have skill in consulting work and case interviews, and you need a large amount of practice to excel in it. During my own consulting prep, I have developed a methodical approach to mental calculations that help me tackle with large numbers. It consists of two steps: estimate & adjust.

Also, there are three personal tips I found very helpful that I would like to share with you here. Hopefully you can apply them to improve your calculation too:  

  • Write down numbers: it’s always a good idea to have a visual of the number themselves on paper. This makes it 100 times easier.
  • Sanity check: always take a very brief moment to ask yourself “is this result logical?”; if 70% of 15,940 equals 111,500, perhaps something is wrong. 
  • Shortcut percentages: convert percentages into easy, common calculations (e.g.: 33%, 25%, 20% into /3, /4, /5…) if possible. In fact, know as many of these shortcuts as you can.

These tips and methods have helped me increase my mental math speed by at least 3 times – even surpassing my own manager at McKinsey. If you are interested, see the comprehensive article below for more details!

Consulting Math

Unlocking the Secrets to Super-Fast Math in Consulting Tests and Case Interviews

 

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